urine Life Fluids Metals/Ions DB

urine Life Fluids Metals/Ions DB

current version v0.1 LFME_urine | Release Date: 13/06/2022 | Download here


  • HMDB: Wishart DS, Guo AC, Oler E, et al., HMDB 5.0: the Human Metabolome Database for 2022. Nucleic Acids Res. 2022. Jan 7;50(D1):D622–31. 34986597


  • LT50: D. C. Paschal et al., “Trace metals in urine of United States residents: reference range concentrations,” Environ Res, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 53–59, 1998, doi: 10.1006/ENRS.1997.3793.
  • LT51: R. E. T. Moore, M. Rehkämper, K. Kreissig, S. Strekopytov, and F. Larner, “Determination of major and trace element variability in healthy human urine by ICP-QMS and specific gravity normalisation,” RSC Advances, vol. 8, no. 66, pp. 38022–38035, 2018, doi: 10.1039/c8ra06794e.
  • LT52: T. R. Godebo, C. J. Paul, M. A. Jeuland, and R. Tekle-Haimanot, “Biomonitoring of metals and trace elements in urine of central Ethiopian populations,” Int J Hyg Environ Health, vol. 222, no. 3, pp. 410–418, Apr. 2019, doi: 10.1016/J.IJHEH.2018.12.007.
  • LT53: A. Domingo-Relloso et al., “The association of urine metals and metal mixtures with cardiovascular incidence in an adult population from Spain: the Hortega Follow-Up Study,” International Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 1839–1849, Dec. 2019, doi: 10.1093/IJE/DYZ061.
  • LT54: X. Wang, C. A. Karvonen-Gutierrez, W. H. Herman, B. Mukherjee, S. D. Harlow, and S. K. Park, “Urinary metals and incident diabetes in midlife women: Study of Women’s Health across the Nation (SWAN),” BMJ Open Diabetes Research and Care, vol. 8, no. 1, Aug. 2020, doi: 10.1136/bmjdrc-2020-001233.
  • LT55: R. S. Amais, G. L. Donati, and M. A. Zezzi Arruda, “ICP-MS and trace element analysis as tools for better understanding medical conditions,” TrAC – Trends in Analytical Chemistry, vol. 133. Elsevier B.V., Dec. 01, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.trac.2020.116094.
  • LT56: T. R. Sanchez et al., “An atlas of metallome and metabolome interactions and associations with incident diabetes in the Strong Heart Family Study,” Environment International, vol. 157, p. 106810, Dec. 2021, doi: 10.1016/J.ENVINT.2021.106810.
  • LT57: D. A. Sears, P. R. Anderson, A. L. Foy, H. L. Williams, and W. H. Crosby, “Urinary Iron Excretion and Renal Metabolism of Hemoglobin in Hemolytic Diseases,” Blood, vol. 28, no. 5, pp. 708–725, Nov. 1966, doi: 10.1182/BLOOD.V28.5.708.708.
  • LT58: J. Morton, E. Tan, E. Leese, and J. Cocker, “Determination of 61 elements in urine samples collected from a non-occupationally exposed UK adult population,” Toxicology Letters, vol. 231, no. 2, pp. 179–193, Dec. 2014, doi: 10.1016/J.TOXLET.2014.08.019.
  • LT59: Z. Hao et al., “Levels of rare earth elements, heavy metals and uranium in a population living in Baiyun Obo, Inner Mongolia, China: A pilot study,” Chemosphere, vol. 128, pp. 161–170, Jun. 2015, doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2015.01.057.
  • LT60: C. Magnusson, R. Jugdaohsingh, L. Hulthen, A. Westerlund, J. J. Powell, and M. Ransjö, “Urinary Excretion of Silicon in Men, Non-pregnant Women, and Pregnant Women: a Cross-sectional Study,” Biological Trace Element Research, vol. 194, no. 2, p. 321, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.1007/S12011-019-01785-5.
  • LT61: G. H. Kramer, “The determination of technetium-99 in urine” Can. J. Chem. 61, 1949 (1983).
  • LT62: A. Hodgson, “Natural levels of polonium-210 in urine,” J Radiol Prot, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 923–933, Sep. 2018, doi: 10.1088/1361-6498/AAC698.
  • LT63: J. Nenot and J. Stather (Editors), “The Toxicity of Plutonium, Americium and Curium.” Published for the Commision of the European Communities by Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1979.
  • LT64: P. P. Chou, P. K. Jaynes, and J. L. Bailey, “Determination of Bismuth in Urine by Atomic Absorption with Hydride Generation,” Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 158–160, Jul. 1984, doi: 10.1093/JAT/8.4.158.