Blood-related diseases

Blood-related diseases

Leukemia is part of the group of malignant diseases of the bone marrow.

Bone marrow is a soft tissue found in the center of bones, which is where blood cells are formed.2

Leukemia is often called white blood because leukocytes are involved. White blood cells help fight infection and generally grow and divide in an organized way, but in people with leukemia, the bone marrow makes too many of them and doesn’t work well.1,2

Leukemia can develop in two ways. Chronic leukemia is the one that grows slowly and acute leukemia is the one that grows quickly. For its treatment there are treatments such as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and stem cell transplantation.1,2

In the case of high blood pressure, it is a chronic disease characterized by a continued increase in blood pressure figures above the established limits (120/80 mm Hg).3,4 It is important to have blood pressure controlled since it could cause heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, among others.4

The main factors that can affect blood pressure would be:

  • The amount of water and salt in the body.
  • The state of the kidneys, nervous system or blood vessels.
  • Hormone levels4

To avoid this, it is important to change your lifestyle, such as following a healthy diet with less salt, exercising regularly to try to maintain a healthy weight, and limiting the amount of alcohol you consume.3





  1. “Leucemia.” (accessed Dec. 05, 2022).
  2. “Leucemia: MedlinePlus enciclopedia médica.” (accessed Dec. 05, 2022).
  3. “Presión arterial alta (hipertensión) – Diagnóstico y tratamiento – Mayo Clinic.” (accessed Dec. 05, 2022).
  4. “Presión arterial alta en adultos – hipertensión: MedlinePlus enciclopedia médica.” (accessed Dec. 05, 2022).

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